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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are nearly 4,000 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinar & Video Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

172 results


Select a Topic, and the sub-topic terms will appear.

Wildfire area is predicted to increase with global warming. Empirical statistical models and process-based simulations agree almost universally. The key relationship for this unanimity, observed at multiple spatial and temporal scales, is between drought and fire. Predictive models often focus on ecosystems in which this...
Author(s): Donald McKenzie, Jeremy S. Littell
Year Published: 2017
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
We modeled the normal fire environment for occurrence of large forest wildfires (>40 ha) for the Pacific Northwest Region of the United States. Large forest wildfire occurrence data from the recent climate normal period (1971–2000) was used as the response variable and fire season precipitation, maximum temperature, slope, and...
Author(s): Raymond J. Davis, Zhiqiang Yang, Andrew Yost, Cole Belongie, Warren B. Cohen
Year Published: 2017
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The ability to rapidly estimate wind speed beneath a forest canopy or near the ground surface in any vegetation is critical to practical wildland fire behavior models. The common metric of this wind speed is the “mid-flame” wind speed, UMF. However, the existing approach for estimating UMF has some significant shortcomings. These...
Author(s): William J. Massman, Jason M. Forthofer, Mark A. Finney
Year Published: 2017
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
We examined relationships between monthly Arctic sea-ice extent (ASIE) and annual wildfire activity for seven regions in the western United States during 1980-2015 to determine if spatio-temporal linkages exist between ASIE, upper-level flow, and surface climatic conditions conducive to western U.S. wildfire activity. Winter ASIE...
Author(s): Paul A. Knapp, Peter T. Soulé
Year Published: 2017
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The fire characteristics chart is a graphical method of presenting U.S. National Fire Danger Rating System (NFDRS) indexes and components as well as primary surface or crown fire behavior characteristics. Computer software has been developed to produce fire characteristics charts for both fire danger and fire behavior in a format...
Author(s): Faith A. Heinsch, Patricia L. Andrews, D. A. Tirmenstein
Year Published: 2017
Type: Document : Technical Report or White Paper
The goal of this paper is to describe the overall meteorological measurement campaign design and methods and present some initial results from analyses of two burn experiments.
Author(s): Craig B. Clements, Neil Lareau, Daisuke Seto, Jonathan Contezac, Braniff Davis, Casey Teske, Thomas J. Zajkowski, Andrew T. Hudak, Benjamin C. Bright, Matthew B. Dickinson, Bret W. Butler, Daniel M. Jimenez, J. Kevin Hiers
Year Published: 2016
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Fire refugia, sometimes referred to as fire islands, shadows, skips, residuals, or fire remnants, are an important element of the burn mosaic, but we lack a quantitative framework that links observations of fire refugia from different environmental contexts. Here, we develop and test a conceptual model for how predictability of fire...
Author(s): Meg A. Krawchuk, Sandra L. Haire, Jonathan D. Coop, Marc-Andre Parisien, Ellen Whitman, Geneva W. Chong, Carol Miller
Year Published: 2016
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Global climate models (GCMs) have biases when simulating historical climate conditions, which in turn have implications for estimating the hydrological impacts of climate change. This study examines the differences in projected changes of aridity [defined as the ratio of precipitation (P) over potential evapotranspiration (PET), or...
Year Published: 2016
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
As wildland fire activity continues to surge across the western US, it is increasingly important that we understand and quantify the environmental drivers of fire and how they vary across ecosystems. At daily to annual timescales, weather, fuels, and topography are known to influence characteristics such as area burned and fire...
Author(s): Lisa M. Holsinger, Sean A. Parks, Carol Miller
Year Published: 2016
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The historical and presettlement relationships between drought and wildfire are well documented in North America, with forest fire occurrence and area clearly increasing in response to drought. There is also evidence that drought interacts with other controls (forest productivity, topography, fire weather, management activities) to...
Author(s): Jeremy S. Littell, David L. Peterson, Karen L. Riley, Yongqiang Liu, Charles H. Luce
Year Published: 2016
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).