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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 4,800 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinars & Recorded Media Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, storymaps, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

225 results


Select a Topic, and the sub-topic terms will appear.

Wildfire behavior predictions typically suffer from significant uncertainty. However, wildfire modeling uncertainties remain largely unquantified in the literature, mainly due to computing constraints. New multifidelity techniques provide a promising opportunity to overcome these limitations. Therefore, this paper explores the...
Author(s): M.M. Valero, Lluís Jofre, Ricardo Torres
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildfires are occurring more frequently and with greater severity domestically and around the globe. Across a series of studies, researchers at the University of Idaho set out to identify how and when climate variability affects wildfire frequency and behavior. They studied wildfire on scales ranging from local to ecoregional to...
Author(s): Alex W. Kirkpatrick
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Research Brief or Fact Sheet
We examined the seasonal distribution of lightning- and human-caused wildfires ≥ 2 ha in Canada for two time periods: 1959-2018 and 1981-2018. Furthermore, we investigated trends in seasonality, number of fires per year and number of days with fire starts per year for human- and lightning-caused fires. Nationally, lightning fires...
Author(s): Sean C. P. Coogan, Xinli Cai, Piyush Jain, Michael D. Flannigan
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The prediction of wildfire rate of spread and growth under high wind speeds and dry fuel moisture conditions is key to taking proactive actions to warn and in turn protect communities. We used two datasets of wildfires spreading under critical fire weather conditions to evaluate an existing rule of thumb that equates the forward...
Author(s): Miguel G. Cruz, Martin E. Alexander, Paulo M. Fernandes, Musa Kilinc, Ângelo Sil
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Fire management agencies use fire behaviour simulation tools to predict the potential spread of a fire in both risk planning and operationally during wildfires. These models are generally based on underlying empirical or quasi-empirical relations and rarely are uncertainties considered. Little attention has been given to the quality...
Author(s): Trent D. Penman, Dan Ababei, Jane G. Cawson, Brett Cirulis, Thomas J. Duff, W. Swedosh, J. E. Hilton
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Accurate predictions of how weather may affect a wildfire’s behavior are needed to protect crews on the line and efficiently allocate firefighting resources. Since 1988, fire meteorologists have used a tool called the Haines Index to predict days when the weather will exacerbate a wildfire. Although the Haines Index is widely...
Author(s): Andrea Watts, Brian E. Potter, Joseph J. Charney, Alan F. Srock
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Technical Report or White Paper
Increases in burned area across the western US since the mid‐1980’s have been widely documented and linked partially to climate factors, yet evaluations of trends in fire severity are lacking. Here, we evaluate fire severity trends and their interannual relationships to climate for western US forests from 1985‐2017. Significant...
Author(s): Sean A. Parks, John T. Abatzoglou
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Fire-driven flows associated with wind intervention can dangerously threaten buildings in bushfire-prone areas by increasing pressure load on the structures through fire-wind enhancement phenomenon. This phenomenon through which wind is enhanced by interacting with fire is exacerbated when the affected terrain is located in a...
Author(s): Esmaeel Eftekharian, Maria Rashidi, Maryam Ghodrat, Yaping He, Kenny C.S. Kwok
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The understanding and prediction of large wildland fire events around the world is a growing interdisciplinary research area advanced rapidly by development and use of computational models. Recent models bidirectionally couple computational fluid dynamics models including weather prediction models with modules containing algorithms...
Author(s): Janice L. Coen, Wilfrid Schroeder, Scott Conway, Leland W. Tarnay
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildfire is a natural component of sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) steppe rangelands that induces temporal shifts in plant community physiognomy, ground surface conditions, and erosion rates. Fire alteration of the vegetation structure and ground cover in these ecosystems commonly amplifies soil losses by wind‐ and water‐driven erosion....
Author(s): Samantha P. Vega, C. Jason Williams, Erin S. Brooks, Frederick B. Pierson, Eva K. Strand, Peter R. Robichaud, Robert E. Brown, Mark S. Seyfried, Kathleen A. Lohse, Kayla Glossner, Jennifer L. Pierce, Clay Roehner
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).