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Supporting wildfire management activities is frequently identified as a benefit of forest roads. As such, there is a growing body of research into forest road planning, construction, and maintenance to improve fire surveillance, prevention, access,…
Author(s): Matthew P. Thompson, Benjamin Gannon, Michael D. Caggiano
Year Published:

The frequency of catastrophic wildfires is increasing around the globe. Our ability to mitigate the risks associated with these fires, and the toll they take on communities, life, and the environment, will depend in large part on understanding their…
Author(s): Alex W. Kirkpatrick
Year Published:

Wildfire smoke is a growing public health concern in the United States. Numerous studies have documented associations between ambient smoke exposure and severe patient outcomes for single fire seasons or limited geographic regions. However, there…
Author(s): Cecilia Sorensen, John A. House, Katelyn O'Dell, Steven J. Brey, Bonne Ford, Jeffrey R. Pierce, Emily V. Fischer, Jay Lemery, James L. Crooks
Year Published:

As land managers strive to implement the National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy, guidance is critically needed on where and how landscape fuel reduction treatments can mitigate future fire impacts and assist in active fire management.…
Author(s): Susan J. Prichard, Robert W. Gray, Vivian Griffey, Paul F. Hessburg, Becky K. Kerns, Rebecca Lemons, Roger D. Ottmar, Nicholas A. Povak, R. Brion Salter
Year Published:

Wildland fires can emit substantial amounts of air pollution that may pose a risk to those in proximity (e.g., first responders, nearby residents) as well as downwind populations. Quickly deploying air pollution measurement capabilities in response…
Author(s): Matthew S. Landis, Russell W. Long, Jonathan Krug, Maribel Colón, Robert Vanderpool, Andrew Habel, Shawn P. Urbanski
Year Published:

Fuel reduction projects are designed to reduce wildfire hazard, but goals can also include ecological restoration, wildlife habitat enhancement, and forest health improvement. In the U.S. northern Rocky Mountains, ponderosa pine/Douglas-fir forests…
Author(s): Sharon M. Hood, Duncan C. Lutes, Christopher R. Keyes, Anna Sala
Year Published:

How fuel influences fire spread at different spatial scales has been broadly studied but it is still under research. Although prior research has generally explored fuel effects at the stand scale, there is increasing recognition that forest…
Author(s): Andrea Duane, Marcelo D. Miranda, Lluis Brotons
Year Published:

After fire, bark beetles pose a significant threat to trees. Resin duct characteristics in trees can increase resistance to bark beetles. However, little is known about how intra- and interspecific variations in resin ducts due to tree…
Author(s): Teresa Valor, Sharon M. Hood, Míriam Piqué, Asier Larrañaga, Pere Casals
Year Published:

Planet Earth is entering the age of megafire, pushing ecosystems to their limits and beyond. While fire causes mortality of animals across vast portions of the globe, scientists are only beginning to consider fire as an evolutionary force in animal…
Author(s): Dale G. Nimmo, Alexandra J. R. Carthey, Chris J. Jolly, Daniel T. Blumstein
Year Published:

Lightning-caused fires (LCFs) and fire environments influenced by thunderstorms are increasingly implicated in extreme wildfire events around the world, with devastating consequences to society and the environment. However, the disaster potential…
Author(s): Paulo A. Martins Fernandes, João A. Santos, Fernando Castedo-Dorado, Rui Almeida
Year Published:

Background: Fire suppression and anthropogenic land use have increased severity of wildfire in western U.S. dry conifer forests. Managers use fuels reduction methods (e.g., prescribed fire) to limit high-severity wildfire and restore ecological…
Author(s): Quresh Latif, Victoria A. Saab, Jonathan G. Dudley
Year Published:

Wildland fire shaped the historical ponderosa pine and mixed-conifer forest landscapes throughout the West. Fire was also a controlling force in most of the drier vegetation types, ranging from shortgrass prairie to chaparral, scrub oak, and pinyon–…
Author(s): Stephen F. Arno
Year Published:

Evacuation of residents during wildfire is a highly time-sensitive process. Available time may be limited. Previous research on other types of incident demonstrate that individuals delay their evacuation by first undertaking actions in response to…
Author(s): Sandra Vaiciulyte, Lynn M. Hulse, Anand Veeraswamy, Edwin R. Galea
Year Published:

Climate warming is expected to increase fire frequency in many productive obligate seeder forests, where repeated high-intensity fire can initiate stand conversion to alternative states with contrasting structure. These vegetation–fire interactions…
Author(s): Tegan P. Brown, Assaf Inbar, Thomas J. Duff, Jamie Burton, Philip J. Noske, Patrick N. J. Lane, Gary J. Sheridan
Year Published:

Fire is one of the main causes of environmental and ecosystem change. Geospatial data, derived from satellite images and surveying observations, are a useful tool in managing land use and land cover changes. In this paper, we present a multi-…
Author(s): Narissara Nuthammachot, Dimitris Stratoulias
Year Published:

Firefighters’ safety during fire responses depends on sound policies and procedures that ensure they can do their jobs efficiently and effectively. Decisions on vehicle crew size and total effective response force deployment should be based on the…
Author(s): Lori Moore-Merrell, Steve Kerber, Gavin P. Horn, Denise L. Smith
Year Published:

Knowledge of how factors such as climate, plant regeneration traits and fire characteristics influence the rate and pattern of post-fire habitat change is crucial for strategic fire management and biodiversity conservation in fire-affected areas.…
Author(s): Frederick W. Rainsford, Luke T. Kelly, Steven W.J. Leonard, Andrew F. Bennett
Year Published:

Background: The importance of achieving an adequate amount of sleep to optimize health and athletic performance is well recognized. Yet, a systematic evidence compilation of the risk for sport-related injury in adult athletic populations due to poor…
Author(s): Devon A. Dobrosielski, Lisa Sweeney, Peter J. Lisman
Year Published:

No single factor produces wildfires; rather, they occur when fire thresholds (ignitions, fuels, and drought) are crossed. Anomalous weather events may lower these thresholds and thereby enhance the likelihood and spread of wildfires. Climate change…
Author(s): Juli G. Pausas, Jon E. Keeley
Year Published:

Suppression of historic fire regimes in North America has altered successional stages and shifted vegetation communities, negatively impacting wildlife diversity in forests. Prescribed fire is often used to increase habitat for wildlife populations…
Author(s): Dana J. Morin, Laurel Schablein, Nikole Simmons, Jean Lorber, Marek K. Smith
Year Published: