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Perennial grasses are often seeded after disturbances to provide ecosystem services and prevent invasive plant dominance. However, there is widespread disagreement over the use of native compared to introduced grasses. In Wyoming big sagebrush (…
Author(s): Kirk W. Davies, Chad S. Boyd
Year Published:

Recent wildfires in the western United States have led to substantial economic losses and social stresses. There is a great concern that the new climatic state may further increase the intensity, duration, and frequency of wildfires. To examine…
Author(s): Emily K. Brown, Jiali Wang, Yan Feng
Year Published:

Fire is a dominant driver of ecosystem patterns and processes across the Rocky Mountains. This chapter describes fire ecology and fire-related management for the major forest types in the Rocky Mountains. Major forest types included are ponderosa…
Author(s): Sharon M. Hood, Brian J. Harvey, Paula J. Fornwalt, Cameron Naficy, Winslow D. Hansen, Kimberley T. Davis, Michael A. Battaglia, Camille Stevens-Rumann, Victoria A. Saab
Year Published:

Forests store significant quantities of carbon, and accurate quantification of the fate of this carbon after fire is necessary for global carbon accounting. Pyrogenic carbon (PyC) encompasses various carbonaceous products of incomplete combustion…
Author(s): Alexandra Howell, Mario Bretfeld, Erica Belmont
Year Published:

Insect pollinators, especially bees, are an essential component ecosystem function. Native bees provide key ecosystem services and shape the structure and composition of plant communities. However, recent research suggests a large-scale decline in…
Author(s): Ryleigh V. Gelles, Thomas S. Davis, Camille Stevens-Rumann, Kevin J. Barrett
Year Published:

Recent extreme wildfire seasons in several regions have been associated with exceptionally hot, dry conditions, made more probable by climate change. Much research has focused on extreme fire weather and its drivers, but natural wildfire regimes –…
Author(s): Sandy P. Harrison, Iain Colin Prentice, Keith J. Bloomfield, Ning Dong, Matthias Forkel, Matthew Forrest, Ramesh K. Ningthoujam, Adam F. A. Pellegrini, Yicheng Shen, Mara Baudena, Anabelle W. Cardoso, Jessica C. Huss, Jaideep Joshi, I Oliveras, Juli G. Pausas, Kimberley J. Simpson
Year Published:

Wildfires in sagebrush (Artemisia spp.)-dominated semi-arid ecosystems in the western United States have increased dramatically in frequency and severity in the last few decades. Severe wildfires often lead to the loss of native sagebrush…
Author(s): Karun Pandit, Hamid Dashti, Andrew T. Hudak, Nancy F. Glenn, Alejandro N. Flores, Douglas J. Shinneman
Year Published:

Data-driven decision making is the key to providing effective and efficient wildfire protection and sustainable use of natural resources. Due to the complexity of natural systems, management decision(s) require clear justification based on…
Author(s): John S. Hogland, Christopher J. Dunn, James D. Johnston
Year Published:

Background:Every year thousands of wildland firefighters (WFFs) work to suppress wildfires to protect public safety, health, and property. Although much effort has been put toward mitigating air pollutant exposures for the public and WFFs, the…
Author(s): Erin O. Semmens, Cindy S. Leary, Molly West, Curtis W. Noonan, Kathleen M. Navarro, Joseph W. Domitrovich
Year Published:

We review science-based adaptation strategies for western North American (wNA) forests that include restoring active fire regimes and fostering resilient structure and composition of forested landscapes. As part of the review, we address common…
Author(s): Susan J. Prichard, Paul F. Hessburg, R. Keala Hagmann, Nicholas A. Povak, Solomon Z. Dobrowski, Matthew D. Hurteau, Van R. Kane, Robert E. Keane, Leda N. Kobziar, Crystal A. Kolden, Malcolm P. North, Sean A. Parks, Hugh Safford, Jens T. Stevens, Larissa L. Yocom, Derek J. Churchill, Robert W. Gray, David W. Huffman, Frank K. Lake, Pratima Khatri-Chhetri
Year Published:

The Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) growth and yield model is widely used throughout the United States, but recent studies have reported unexpectedly large bias for some regional model variants. Here we propose a general framework for model…
Author(s): Benjamin A. Bagdon, Trung H. Nguyen, Anthony Vorster, Keith Paustian, John L. Field
Year Published:

Suppression of historic fire regimes in North America has altered successional stages and shifted vegetation communities, negatively impacting wildlife diversity in forests. Prescribed fire is often used to increase habitat for wildlife populations…
Author(s): Dana J. Morin, Laurel Schablein, Nikole Simmons, Jean Lorber, Marek K. Smith
Year Published:

Climate change, with warming temperatures and shifting precipitation patterns, may increase natural-caused forest fire activity. Increasing natural-caused fires throughout western United States national forests could place people, property, and…
Author(s): Hadi Heidari, Mazdak Arabi, Travis Warziniack
Year Published:

The 2020 fire season in the western United States (the West) has been staggering: over 2.5 million ha have burned as of 31 September, including over 1.5 million ha in California (3.7% of the state), in part from five of the six largest fires in…
Author(s): Philip E. Higuera, John T. Abatzoglou
Year Published:

Global wildfire activity has experienced a dramatic surge since 2017. From Chile to Indonesia, unprecedented fire behavior has occurred in many areas worldwide including, but not limited to, Portugal, Siberia, Australia, the Amazon and Orinoco…
Author(s): Víctor Resco de Dios, Rachael H. Nolan
Year Published:

A conceptual model based on the dynamic interaction between fire, the fuel bed and the surrounding flow to explain the non-monotonic or intermittent behaviour of fires is proposed. According to the model, even in nominally permanent and uniform…
Author(s): Domingos Xavier Viegas, J. R. Raposo, Carlos Ribeiro, Luís Carlos Duarte Reis, Abdelrahman Abouali, Carlos Viegas
Year Published:

Question: Northern peatlands are increasingly threatened by wildfire. Severe peatland wildfires can provide opportunities for new non-peatland species to colonise post-fire. Changes in plant colonisation could lead to longer-term shifts in community…
Author(s): Harry E. R. Shepherd, Jane A. Catford, Magda N. Steele, Marc G. Dumont, Robert T. E. Mills, Paul D.M. Hughes, Bjorn J. M. Robroek
Year Published:

An automated burned area extraction routine that attempts to overcome the particular difficulties of remote sensing applications in complex landscapes is presented and tested in the mountainous region of northwest Yunnan, China. In particular, the…
Author(s): David Fornacca, Guopeng Ren, Wen Xiao
Year Published:

Evacuation is considered by many to be the safest action for residents to take when threatened by a wildfire. However, not all residents agree and evacuate in the face of an approaching wildfire, instead preferring to stay and defend their…
Author(s): Alex W. Kirkpatrick
Year Published:

PM2.5 is the most monitored air pollutant for which EPA has set national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS). As such, it is the pollutant on which the Air Quality Index (AQI) is most often based. PM2.5 and PM10 are the only criteria pollutant…
Author(s): Odelle Hadley, Anthony Cutler, Ruth Schumaker, Robin Bond
Year Published: