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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 4,800 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinars & Recorded Media Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, storymaps, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

89 results


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The National Wildfire Coordinating Group definition of extreme fire behavior (EFB) indicates a level of fire behavior characteristics that ordinarily precludes methods of direct control action. One or more of the following is usually involved: high rate of spread, prolific crowning/spotting, presence of fire whirls, and strong...
Author(s): Paul A. Werth, Brian E. Potter, Craig B. Clements, Mark A. Finney, Scott L. Goodrick, Martin E. Alexander, Miguel G. Cruz, Jason M. Forthofer, Sara S. McAllister
Year Published: 2011
Type: Document : Synthesis, Technical Report or White Paper
To control and use wildland fires safely and effectively depends on creditable assessments of fire potential, including the propensity for crowning in conifer forests. Simulation studies that use certain fire modelling systems (i.e. NEXUS, FlamMap, FARSITE, FFE-FVS (Fire and Fuels Extension to the Forest Vegetation Simulator), Fuel...
Author(s): Miguel G. Cruz, Martin E. Alexander
Year Published: 2010
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Large scale fire whirls have not traditionally been recognized as a frequent phenomenon on wildland fires. However, there are anecdotal data suggesting that they can and do occur with some regularity. This paper presents a brief summary of this information and an analysis of the causal factors leading to their formation.
Author(s): Jason M. Forthofer, Bret W. Butler
Year Published: 2010
Type: Document : Conference Proceedings
Data collected in the International Crown Fire modeling Experiment during 1999 are evaluated to characterize the magnitude and duration of convective energy heating in full scale crown fires. To accomplish this objective data on total and radiant incident heat flux, air temperature, and horizontal and vertical gas velocities were...
Author(s): Bret W. Butler
Year Published: 2010
Type: Document : Conference Proceedings
Several published accounts exist of how smokejumper foreman Wag Dodge survived the 1949 Mann Gulch Fire in northwestern Montana by setting an 'escape fire' in cured grass fuels, the most notable among them being Norman Maclean's 1992 book Young Men and Fire. Two other smokejumpers survived by reaching a rockslide. Sadly, 12...
Author(s): Martin E. Alexander
Year Published: 2010
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
A system consisting of two enclosures has been developed to characterize wildand fire behavior: The first enclosure is a sensor/data logger combination that measures and records convective/radiant energy released by the fire. The second is a digital video camera housed in a fire proof enclosure that records visual images of fire...
Author(s): Bret W. Butler, Daniel M. Jimenez, Jason M. Forthofer, Paul Sopko, Kyle S. Shannon, James J. Reardon
Year Published: 2010
Type: Document : Conference Proceedings
The Wildland Fire Operations Research Group of FPInnovations-Feric Division in collaboration with the University of Alberta initiated a project in late 2007 at the request of its stakeholders to examine and define the limits of wildland firefighter safety and survival zones. Part of this project involves examining past wildfire...
Author(s): Martin E. Alexander, Mark Y. Ackerman, Gregory J. Baxter
Year Published: 2009
Type: Document : Conference Proceedings
Wildfires during the summer of 2007 burned over 500,000 acres within central Idaho. These fires burned around and through over 8,000 acres of fuel treatments designed to offer protection from wildfire to over 70 summer homes and other buildings located near Warm Lake. This area east of Cascade, Idaho, exemplifies the difficulty of...
Author(s): Russell T. Graham, Theresa B. Jain, Mark Loseke
Year Published: 2009
Type: Document : Technical Report or White Paper
A 'Learning Organization' is an organization that creates, acquires, interprets, transfers, and retains knowledge and purposefully modifies its behavior to reflect new knowledge and insights (Garvin 2000). Dr. Marty Alexander's report The 1988 Fires of Yellowstone and Beyond as a Wildland Fire Behavior Case Study now provides the...
Author(s): Martin E. Alexander
Year Published: 2009
Type: Document : Technical Report or White Paper
Wildland fires can be high impact events no matter what the season or fuel type. While the first image that comes to mind of wildland fire suppression is timbered mountainous terrain on a late summer afternoon, this wildland fire occurred in relatively flat grasslands during the overnight and early morning hours, during the...
Author(s): Robert W. Hoenisch
Year Published: 2009
Type: Document : Technical Report or White Paper

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).