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The Lion Fire 2011 (LF11) and Lion Fire 2017 (LF17) were similar in size, location, and smoke transport. The same locations were used to monitor both fires for ground level fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Ground level PM2.5 is used to determine the…
Author(s): Don Schweizer, Ricardo Cisneros, Kathleen M. Navarro
Year Published:

Fire management agencies use fire behaviour simulation tools to predict the potential spread of a fire in both risk planning and operationally during wildfires. These models are generally based on underlying empirical or quasi-empirical relations…
Author(s): Trent D. Penman, Dan Ababei, Jane G. Cawson, Brett Cirulis, Thomas J. Duff, W. Swedosh, J. E. Hilton
Year Published:

COVID-19 has complicated wildfire management and public safety for the 2020 fire season. It is unclear whether COVID-19 has impacted the ability of residents in the wildland–urban interface to prepare for and evacuate from wildfire, or the extent to…
Author(s): Catrin Edgeley, Jack T. Burnett
Year Published:

High-severity wildfires, which can homogenize floral communities, are becoming more common relative to historic mixed-severity fire regimes in the Northern Rockies of the U.S. High-severity wildfire could negatively affect bumble bees, which are…
Author(s): Michael P. Simanonok, Laura A. Burkle
Year Published:

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and the potential for co-occurring wildfires pose health threats to people around the globe. Along with the direct impacts of wildfires, exposure to fine particulate matter (PM 2.5)—pollution composed of small inhalable…
Author(s): Francisca N. Santana, Stephanie L. Fischer, Marika O. Jaeger, Gabrielle Wong-Parodi
Year Published:

One of the primary conservation threats surrounding sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) ecosystems in the Intermountain West of the United States is the expansion and infilling of pinyon pine (Pinus edulis, P. monophylla) and juniper (Juniperus spp.)…
Author(s): Jason R. Reinhardt, Steven K. Filippelli, Michael J. Falkowski, Brady W. Allred, Jeremy D. Maestas, John Carlson, David E. Naugle
Year Published:

Climate drives the coevolution of vegetation and the soil that supports it. Wildfire dramatically affects many key eco‐hydro‐geomorphic processes but its potential role in coevolution of soil‐forest systems has been largely overlooked. The steep…
Author(s): Assaf Inbar, Petter Nyman, Patrick N. J. Lane, Gary J. Sheridan
Year Published:

Increases in burned area across the western US since the mid‐1980’s have been widely documented and linked partially to climate factors, yet evaluations of trends in fire severity are lacking. Here, we evaluate fire severity trends and their…
Author(s): Sean A. Parks, John T. Abatzoglou
Year Published:

Background: Exposure to fine particulate matter ( PM2.5 ) during wildfire seasons has been associated with adverse health outcomes. Previous studies have focused on daily exposure, but PM2.5 levels in smoke events can vary considerably within 1 d.…
Author(s): Jiayun Yao, Michael Brauer, Julie Wei, Kimberlyn M. McGrail, Fay H. Johnston, Sarah B. Henderson
Year Published:

In this study, we use simulations from seven global vegetation models to provide the first multi‐model estimate of fire impacts on global tree cover and the carbon cycle under current climate and anthropogenic land use conditions, averaged for the…
Author(s): Gitta Lasslop, Stijn Hantson, Sandy P. Harrison, Dominique Bachelet, Chantelle Burton, Matthias Forkel, Matthew Forrest, Fang Li, Joe R. Melton, Chao Yue, Sally Archibald, Simon Scheiter, Almut Arneth, Thomas Hickler, Stephen Sitch
Year Published:

Understanding the soil heat and moisture transport is significant for assessing the living condition of vegetation and microorganisms in soils. Numerous studies have been conducted to understand the coupled soil heat and moisture transport under '…
Author(s): Ting Bao, Si Liu, Yinghong Qin, Zhen Liu
Year Published:

Stand-replacing fires burned at 100 to 300-year intervals for millennia in subalpine conifer forests of western North America, but forests are burning more frequently as climate warms. Postfire tree regeneration is reduced when young forests reburn…
Author(s): Tyler J. Hoecker, Winslow D. Hansen, Monica G. Turner
Year Published:

Once dominant but now largely excluded from eastern North America, open forests of savannas to woodlands occupy the ecosystem gradient between grasslands and closed forests. These fire-maintained systems differ in structure, processes, and species…
Author(s): Brice B. Hanberry, Don C. Bragg, Heather D. Alexander
Year Published:

Large wildfires can have profound and lasting impacts not only from direct consumption of vegetation but also longer‐term effects such as persistent soil erosion. The 2002 Hayman Fire burned in one of the watersheds supplying water to the Denver…
Author(s): Peter R. Robichaud, Sarah A. Lewis, Joseph W. Wagenbrenner, Robert E. Brown, Frederick B. Pierson
Year Published:

Stream drying and wildfire are projected to increase with climate change in the western United States, and both are likely to impact stream chemistry patterns and processes. To investigate drying and wildfire effects on stream chemistry (carbon,…
Author(s): Ruth B. MacNeille, Kathleen A. Lohse, Sarah E. Godsey, Julia N. Perdrial, Colden V. Baxter
Year Published:

Introduction: Wildland firefighters (WLFF) work long hours in extreme environments, resulting in high daily total energy expenditure. Increasing work-shift eating episodes and/or providing rations that promote convenient eating has shown augmented…
Author(s): Alexander N. Marks, Joseph A. Sol, Joseph W. Domitrovich, Molly West, Brent Ruby
Year Published:

Among the various fuel variables used for fire modeling studies, the 10-h fuel moisture content (10-h FMC) is a promising predictor since it can be automatically measured in real time at study sites, yielding more information for fire models. Here,…
Author(s): Hoon Taek Lee, Myoungsoo Won, Sukhee Yoon, Woongsoon Jang
Year Published:

Increases in burned area across the western US since the mid‐1980’s have been widely documented and linked partially to climate factors, yet evaluations of trends in fire severity are lacking. Here, we evaluate fire severity trends and their…
Author(s): Sean A. Parks, John T. Abatzoglou
Year Published:

Background: Frequent-fire forests of the western United States have undergone remarkable changes in structure, composition, and function due to historical exclusion of naturally occurring fire. Mechanized tree thinning to reduce forest density and…
Author(s): David W. Huffman, John Paul Roccaforte, Judith D. Springer, Joseph E. Crouse
Year Published:

To better understand the implications of the word resilience for western forest and fire management, this study explores its emerging use in a large body of policy and management documents produced between 1980 and 2016. We performed a computer-…
Author(s): Owen A. Selles, Adena R. Rissman
Year Published: