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Beaver dams are gaining popularity as a low‐tech, low‐cost strategy to build climate resiliency at the landscape scale. They slow and store water that can be accessed by riparian vegetation during dry periods, effectively protecting riparian…
Author(s): Emily Fairfax, Andrew Whittle
Year Published:

Values of the public are a key and dynamic component of bushfire governance SES. Learning to work with these values is a significant challenge for government and environmental managers and an important aspect of policy transition in many contexts.…
Author(s): Kathryn J. Williams, Rebecca M. Ford, Andrea Rawluk
Year Published:

A new global sensitivity analysis has been conducted of fuel-type-dependent input variables of the simplified physical fire spread model (PhyFire) to understand how the use of spatial averages, that is, fuel models, influences the results of PhyFire…
Author(s): María Isabel Asensio-Sevilla, M. Teresa Santos-Martín, David Álvarez-León, Luis Ferragut-Canals
Year Published:

In wildland and other flame spread scenarios a spreading fire front often forms an elliptical shape, incorporating both forward and lateral spread. While lateral flame spread is much slower than forward rates of spread, it still contributes to the…
Author(s): Kun Zhao, Michael J. Gollner, Qiong Liu, Junhui Gong, Lizhong Yang
Year Published:

Background: Wildfires produce pyrogenic carbon (PyC) through the incomplete combustion of organic matter, and its chemical characterization is critical to understanding carbon (C) budgets and ecosystem functions in forests. Across western North…
Author(s): Anna C. Talucci, Lauren M. Matosziuk, Jeff A. Hatten, Meg A. Krawchuk
Year Published:

This paper presents the results of an explorative survey, based on a questionnaire sent by email, about how wildfire experts, operating in different countries, perceive wildfire and express their mindset by defining “wildfire” from a list of 14…
Author(s): Fantina Tedim, Vittorio Leone
Year Published:

Mountain pine beetles (MPB) are a constant presence in the Rocky Mountain Region, with a long history of periodic outbreaks. The latest beetle epidemic, which lasted from the late 1990s until about 2012, was particularly impactful in Colorado, where…
Author(s): Jose F. Negron, Robert J. Cain
Year Published:

The first few years of the 21st century brought a series of unprecedented natural disturbances to the southwestern U.S. A severe drought, later tagged as a “global change type drought,” triggered the mortality of 1,000 of native trees. For some…
Author(s): Carolyn Hull Sieg, Rodman Linn, F. Pimont, Chad M. Hoffman, Joel D. McMillin, Judith Winterkamp, L. Scott Baggett
Year Published:

Post-incident studies provide direct and valuable information to further the scientific understanding of Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) fires. Most post-incident studies involve data collection in the field (i.e. a 'research field deployment'). In…
Author(s): Benjamin Gaudet, Albert Simeoni, Steven M. V. Gwynne, Erica D. Kuligowski, Noureddine Bénichou
Year Published:

The present study aimed to determine moisture thresholds for combustion of organic soils sampled from various vegetation types at 63 locations in Tasmania, Australia. To observe whether the soil sample sustained smouldering combustion, moisture…
Author(s): Lynda D. Prior, Ben J. French, Kathryn Storey, Grant J. Williamson, David M. J. S. Bowman
Year Published:

Background: Prairie-forest ecotones are ecologically important for biodiversity and ecological processes. While these ecotones cover small areas, their sharp gradients in land cover promote rich ecological interaction and high conservation value.…
Author(s): Penelope Morgan, Emily K. Heyerdahl, Eva K. Strand, Stephen C. Bunting, James P. Riser, John T. Abatzoglou, Max W. Nielsen-Pincus, Mara Johnson
Year Published:

Fire is a powerful ecological and evolutionary force. Animals that modify drivers of fire behaviour could therefore have far-reaching effects on ecosystems. Yet, with a few notable exceptions, effects of animals on fire have been often overlooked.…
Author(s): Claire N. Foster, Sam C. Banks, Geoffrey J. Cary, Christopher N. Johnson, David B. Lindenmayer, Leonie E. Valentine
Year Published:

Wildfires are ecosystem‐level drivers of structure and function in many vegetated biomes. While numerous studies have emphasized the benefits of fire to ecosystems, large wildfires have also been associated with the loss of ecosystem services and…
Author(s): Victoria M. Donovan, Dirac Twidwell, Daniel R. Uden, Tsegaye Tadesse, Brian D. Wardlow, Christine H. Bielski, Matthew O. Jones, Brady W. Allred, David E. Naugle, Craig R. Allen
Year Published:

Pioneering networks of cameras that can search for wildland fire signatures have been in development for some years (High Performance Wireless Research & Education Network-HPWREN cameras and the ALERT Wildfire camera). While these cameras have…
Author(s): Kinshuk Govil, Morgan L. Welch, Timothy Ball, Carlton R. Pennypacker
Year Published:

Research Highlights: This experiment compares a range of combinations of harvest, prescribed fire, and wildfire. Leveraging a 30-year-old forest management-driven experiment, we explored the recovery of woody species composition, regeneration of the…
Author(s): R. Kasten Dumroese, Martin F. Jurgensen, Deborah S. Page-Dumroese
Year Published:

Nine multipurpose silvicultural treatments, formulated as a synthesis of recently implemented prescriptions offered by forest managers, were simulated to evaluate their effectiveness at enhancing fire resistance. The Forest Vegetation Simulator was…
Author(s): Theresa B. Jain, Jeremy S. Fried, Sara Loreno
Year Published:

The statistical analysis of wildland fire activity is integral to wildland fire planning, operations, and research across the globe. Historical fire records are inputs to fire danger rating applications, fire-potential forecast models, geospatial…
Author(s): Karen C. Short, Marty Ahrens, Sarah Harris, Jesus San-Miguel-Ayanz
Year Published:

Background: Litter is the predominant fuel that drives surface fire behavior in most fire-prone forest and woodland ecosystems. The flammability of litter is driven by fuel characteristics, environmental factors, and the interactive effects of the…
Author(s): Jesse K. Kreye, Jeffrey M. Kane, J. Morgan Varner, J. Kevin Hiers
Year Published:

Significance: Wildfire emissions in the western United States have had increasingly larger impacts on air quality, health, and climate forcing in recent decades. However, our understanding of how wildfire plume composition evolves remains incomplete…
Author(s): Brett B. Palm, Qiaoyun Peng, Carley D. Fredrickson, Ben H. Lee, Lauren A. Garofalo, Matson A. Pothier, Sonia M. Kreidenweis, Delphine K. Farmer, Rudra P. Pokhrel, Yingjie Shen, Shane M. Murphy, Wade Permar, Lu Hu, Teresa L. Campos, Samuel R. Hall, Kirk Ullmann, Xuan Zhang, Frank Flocke, Emily V. Fischer, Joel A. Thornton
Year Published:

Assessing wildfire regimes and their environmental drivers is critical for effective land management and conservation. We used Landsat imagery to describe the wildfire regime of the north-eastern Simpson Desert (Australia) between 1972 and 2014, and…
Author(s): Elise M. Verhoeven, Brad R. Murray, Christopher R. Dickman, Glenda M. Wardle, Aaron C. Greenville
Year Published: