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The increasing wildfire activity and rapid population growth in the wildland–urban interface (WUI) have made more Americans exposed to wildfire risk. WUI mapping plays a significant role in wildfire management. This study used the Microsoft building…
Author(s): Alexander R. Ketchpaw, Dapeng Li, Shahid N. Khan, Yuhan Jiang, Yingru Li, Ling Zhang
Year Published:

Seed dormancy varies greatly between species, clades, communities, and regions. We propose that fireprone ecosystems create ideal conditions for the selection of seed dormancy as fire provides a mechanism for dormancy release and postfire conditions…
Author(s): Juli G. Pausas, Byron B. Lamont
Year Published:

Snowpack in the western U.S. is critical for water supply and is threatened by wildfires, which are becoming larger and more common. Numerous studies have examined impacts of wildfire on snow water equivalent (SWE), but many of these studies are…
Author(s): Jeremy Giovando, Jeffrey D. Niemann
Year Published:

The impact of smoke from wildland fires on human health is currently a serious concern due to the high levels of emitted gases and particulate matter that affect populations and firefighters. In recent decades, scientific developments regarding…
Author(s): Ana Isabel Miranda
Year Published:

Characterizing pre-fire fuel load and fuel consumption are critical for assessing fire behavior, fire effects, and smoke emissions. Two approaches for quantifying fuel load are airborne laser scanning (ALS) and the Fuel Characteristic Classification…
Author(s): T. Ryan McCarley, Andrew T. Hudak, Joseph C. Restaino, Michael Billmire, Nancy H. F. French, Roger D. Ottmar, Bridget Hass, Kyle Zarzana, Tristan Goulden, Rainer Volkamer
Year Published:

Full suppression strategies remain the dominant option in wildfire management, despite a large body of research demonstrating the ecological and economic benefits of allowing unplanned wildfires to burn under favorable conditions. Consequently,…
Author(s): David J. Rossi, Olli-Pekka Kuusela, Christopher J. Dunn
Year Published:

As the wildland–urban interface continues to expand into fire prone areas, future wildfires will likely result in the burning of more built structures, such as the recent Marshall Fire in Colorado, which increases the complexity of the wildfire…
Author(s): Alice Gilliland, Tim Watkins
Year Published:

Wildland fire management is a complex system with various scales, modes, plans, and operations. As with any system, fire management can be subject to stresses and strains that are, in some cases, easy to identify in isolation but highly challenging…
Author(s): Nicholas McCarthy, David E. Calkin
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This Perspective highlights the lingering consequences of nuclear disasters by examining the risks posed by wildfires that rerelease radioactive fallout originally deposited into the environment by accidents at nuclear power plants or testing of…
Author(s): Christine Eriksen
Year Published:

Restoration goals in fire-prone conifer forests include mitigating fire hazard while restoring forest structural components linked to disturbance resilience and ecological function. Restoration of overstory spatial pattern in forests often falls…
Author(s): Jeffery B. Cannon, Katarina J. Warnick, Spencer Elliott, Jennifer S. Briggs
Year Published:

A severe outbreak of wildfire across the US Pacific Coast during August 2020 led to persistent fire activity through the end of summer. In late September, Fire Weather Outlooks predicted higher than usual fire activity into the winter in parts of…
Author(s): Erin J. Belval, Karen C. Short, Crystal S. Stonesifer, David E. Calkin
Year Published:

Wildfires burn annually across the United States (US), which threaten those in close proximity to them. Due to drastic alterations of soil properties and to the land surfaces by these fires, risks of flash floods, debris flows, and severe erosion…
Author(s): Jorge A. Duarte, Andrés D. González, Jonathan J. Gourley
Year Published:

This paper describes a series of tests conducted to evaluate prototype fire shelters designed to provide enhanced thermal protective insulation in wildland fire burn-over events. Full-scale laboratory and field tests are used to compare the thermal…
Author(s): Joseph P. Roise, John Williams, Roger Barker, John Morton-Aslanis
Year Published:

The wildland-urban interface (WUI), where housing is in close proximity to or intermingled with wildland vegetation, is widespread throughout the United States, but it is unclear how this type of housing development affects public lands. We used a…
Author(s): Miranda H. Mockrin, David P. Helmers, Sebastian Martinuzzi, Todd J. Hawbaker, Volker C. Radeloff
Year Published:

Wildfires pose a number of acute and chronic health threats, including increased morbidity and mortality. While much of the current literature has focused on the short-term health effects of forest fires and wildfire smoke, few reviews have sought…
Author(s): Emily Grant, Jennifer D. Runkle
Year Published:

Forest fire is a ubiquitous disaster which has a long-term impact on the local climate as well as the ecological balance and fire products based on remote sensing satellite data have developed rapidly. However, the early forest fire smoke in remote…
Author(s): Zewei Wang, Pengfei Yang, Haotian Liang, Change Zheng, Jiyan Yin, Ye Tian, Wenbin Cui
Year Published:

Increases in wildfire activity in the western United States in recent years have led to significant property loss in wildland-urban interface areas, raising difficult questions for policymakers regarding mitigation of wildfire damages and how…
Author(s): Matthew J. Wibbenmeyer, Molly Robertson
Year Published:

Fire behavior and intensity vary within and between fires, mediated by factors such as slope, aspect, elevation, fuel loading and vegetation type. These influences create a mosaic of burn severity, shaping forests around the world. These burn…
Author(s): Brooke R. Saari
Year Published:

Societies must learn to live with, and adapt to wildfire risk. Here we examine wildfire governance and policy in British Columbia (BC), Canada over the last two decades, to examine how policy lessons are drawn from wildfire events. We focus on…
Author(s): William Nikolakis, Emma Roberts
Year Published:

At a fundamental level, smoke from wildland fire is of scientific concern because of its potential adverse effects on human health and social well-being. Although many impacts (e.g., evacuations, property loss) occur primarily in proximity to the…
Author(s): Sarah M. McCaffrey, Ana G. Rappold, Mary Clare Hano, Kathleen M. Navarro, Tanya F. Phillips, Jeffrey P. Prestemon, Ambarish Vaidyanathan, Karen L. Abt, Colleen Reid, Jason D. Sacks
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