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Background: Fire is a multifaceted force. Fire activity and risk of fire incidence across US forested ecosystems have accelerated over the last two decades. At the same time, human land-use choices and climate change interacted with fire, in an era…
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There is mounting concern that global wildfire activity is shifting in frequency, intensity, and seasonality in response to climate change. Fuel moisture provides a powerful means of detecting changing fire potential. Here, we use global burned area…
Author(s): T. Michael Ellis, David M. J. S. Bowman, Piyush Jain, Michael D. Flannigan, Grant J. Williamson
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Protected areas are essential to conserving biodiversity, yet changing climatic conditions challenge their efficacy. For example, novel and disappearing climates within the protected area network indicate that extant species may not have suitable…
Author(s): Sean A. Parks, Lisa M. Holsinger, Caitlin E. Littlefield, Solomon Z. Dobrowski, Katherine A. Zeller, John T. Abatzoglou, Charles Besancon, Bryce L. Nordgren, Joshua J. Lawler
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As the frequency and severity of wildfires escalates in many regions, the study of fire-resilient forestry practices becomes crucial. While forest owners may employ several silvicultural practices to mitigate fire damage, the analytical study of…
Author(s): João V. Patto, Renato Rosa
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Forest fire is a ubiquitous disaster which has a long-term impact on the local climate as well as the ecological balance and fire products based on remote sensing satellite data have developed rapidly. However, the early forest fire smoke in remote…
Author(s): Zewei Wang, Pengfei Yang, Haotian Liang, Change Zheng, Jiyan Yin, Ye Tian, Wenbin Cui
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Increases in wildfire activity in the western United States in recent years have led to significant property loss in wildland-urban interface areas, raising difficult questions for policymakers regarding mitigation of wildfire damages and how…
Author(s): Matthew J. Wibbenmeyer, Molly Robertson
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Wildland fire management is a complex system with various scales, modes, plans, and operations. As with any system, fire management can be subject to stresses and strains that are, in some cases, easy to identify in isolation but highly challenging…
Author(s): Nicholas McCarthy, David E. Calkin
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This Perspective highlights the lingering consequences of nuclear disasters by examining the risks posed by wildfires that rerelease radioactive fallout originally deposited into the environment by accidents at nuclear power plants or testing of…
Author(s): Christine Eriksen
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Restoration goals in fire-prone conifer forests include mitigating fire hazard while restoring forest structural components linked to disturbance resilience and ecological function. Restoration of overstory spatial pattern in forests often falls…
Author(s): Jeffery B. Cannon, Katarina J. Warnick, Spencer Elliott, Jennifer S. Briggs
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A severe outbreak of wildfire across the US Pacific Coast during August 2020 led to persistent fire activity through the end of summer. In late September, Fire Weather Outlooks predicted higher than usual fire activity into the winter in parts of…
Author(s): Erin J. Belval, Karen C. Short, Crystal S. Stonesifer, David E. Calkin
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Wildfires burn annually across the United States (US), which threaten those in close proximity to them. Due to drastic alterations of soil properties and to the land surfaces by these fires, risks of flash floods, debris flows, and severe erosion…
Author(s): Jorge A. Duarte, Andrés D. González, Jonathan J. Gourley
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This paper describes a series of tests conducted to evaluate prototype fire shelters designed to provide enhanced thermal protective insulation in wildland fire burn-over events. Full-scale laboratory and field tests are used to compare the thermal…
Author(s): Joseph P. Roise, John Williams, Roger Barker, John Morton-Aslanis
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The wildland-urban interface (WUI), where housing is in close proximity to or intermingled with wildland vegetation, is widespread throughout the United States, but it is unclear how this type of housing development affects public lands. We used a…
Author(s): Miranda H. Mockrin, David P. Helmers, Sebastian Martinuzzi, Todd J. Hawbaker, Volker C. Radeloff
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Wildfires pose a number of acute and chronic health threats, including increased morbidity and mortality. While much of the current literature has focused on the short-term health effects of forest fires and wildfire smoke, few reviews have sought…
Author(s): Emily Grant, Jennifer D. Runkle
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Fire behavior and intensity vary within and between fires, mediated by factors such as slope, aspect, elevation, fuel loading and vegetation type. These influences create a mosaic of burn severity, shaping forests around the world. These burn…
Author(s): Brooke R. Saari
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Societies must learn to live with, and adapt to wildfire risk. Here we examine wildfire governance and policy in British Columbia (BC), Canada over the last two decades, to examine how policy lessons are drawn from wildfire events. We focus on…
Author(s): William Nikolakis, Emma Roberts
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At a fundamental level, smoke from wildland fire is of scientific concern because of its potential adverse effects on human health and social well-being. Although many impacts (e.g., evacuations, property loss) occur primarily in proximity to the…
Author(s): Sarah M. McCaffrey, Ana G. Rappold, Mary Clare Hano, Kathleen M. Navarro, Tanya F. Phillips, Jeffrey P. Prestemon, Ambarish Vaidyanathan, Karen L. Abt, Colleen Reid, Jason D. Sacks
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Fire is a natural agent with a paramount role in ecosystem functioning and biodiversity maintenance. Still, it can also act as a negative force against many ecosystems. Despite some knowledge of the interactions of fire and vegetation, there is no…
Author(s): Tania Marisol González, Juan David González-Trujillo, Alberto Muñoz, Dolors Armenteras
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Earth's rapidly warming climate is propelling us towards an increasingly fire-prone future. Currently, knowledge of the extent and characteristics of animal mortality rates during fire remains rudimentary, hindering our ability to predict how animal…
Author(s): Chris J. Jolly, Christopher R. Dickman, Tim S. Doherty, Lily M. van Eeden, William L. Geary, Sarah Legge, John C. Z. Woinarski, Dale G. Nimmo
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An analysis of a dataset (n = 58) of high-intensity wildfire observations in cured grasslands from southern Australia revealed a simple relationship suitable for quickly obtaining a first approximation of a fire’s spread rate under low dead fuel…
Author(s): Miguel G. Cruz, Martin E. Alexander, Musa Kilinc
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