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A microscale wildfire model, QES-Fire, that dynamically couples the fire front to microscale winds was developed using a simplified physics rate of spread (ROS) model, a kinematic plume-rise model and a mass-consistent wind solver. The model is…
Author(s): Matt Moody, Jeremy A. Gibbs, Steven K. Krueger, Derek V. Mallia, Eric Pardyjak, Adam K. Kochanski, Brian N. Bailey, Rob Stoll
Year Published:

Surface fuel loads are a key driver of forest fires and the target of hazard reduction burns to reduce fire risk. However, the role of biota in decomposition, or feedbacks between fire and decomposer communities are rarely considered. We review the…
Author(s): Heloise Gibb, J. J. Grubb, O. Decker, Nick P. Murphy, A. E. Franks, J. L. Wood
Year Published:

The effect of the main fire factors (smoke, ash, charcoal and heat) can influence the germination of species through their seeds. Hence, a methodology has been devised in order to have a common protocol for those who work in this area and serve as a…
Author(s): Oscar Cruz, Sheila F. Riveiro, Mercedes Casal, Otilia Reyes
Year Published:

Background: The structure and function of fire-prone ecosystems are influenced by many interacting processes that develop over varying time scales. Fire creates both instantaneous and long-term changes in vegetation (defined as live, dead, and…
Author(s): E. Louise Loudermilk, Joseph O’Brien, Scott L. Goodrick, Rodman Linn, Nick Skowronski, J. Kevin Hiers
Year Published:

With the advancement in scientific understanding and computing technologies, fire practitioners have started relying on operational fire simulation tools to make better-informed decisions during wildfire emergencies. This increased use has created…
Author(s): Ujjwal KC, J. E. Hilton, Saurabh Garg, Jagannath Aryal
Year Published:

Collaboration is increasingly emphasized as a tool to realize national-level policy goals in public lands management. Yet, collaborative governance regimes (CGRs) are nested within traditional bureaucracies and are affected by internal and external…
Author(s): Tyler A. Beeton, Anthony S. Cheng, Melanie M. Colavito
Year Published:

Exposure to oscillating heat fluxes while having variable water contents in the thermal protective clothing (T.P.C) is possible in a real firefighting scenario. The occurrence of steam burns becomes inevitable in certain conditions which are still…
Author(s): André Fonseca Malaquias, S.F. Neves, J.B.L.M. Campos
Year Published:

While previously disputed as a plausible ignition source, civilian firearms use has emerged as a wildfire cause of concern in the United States (US). The National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) included it as a newly recognized fire cause in the…
Author(s): Karen C. Short, Mark A. Finney
Year Published:

In 2022 the US Forest Service launched an ambitious 10-year strategy to address the escalating wildfire danger in the U.S. “Confronting the Wildfire Crisis: A Strategy for Protecting Communities and Improving Resilience in America’s Forests”…
Author(s): Alan A. Ager
Year Published:

Recently identified post-fire carbon fluxes indicate that, to understand whether global fires represent a net carbon source or sink, one must consider both terrestrial carbon retention through pyrogenic carbon production and carbon losses via…
Author(s): Simon P. K. Bowring, Matthew W. Jones, Philippe Ciais, Bertrand Guenet, Samuel Abiven
Year Published:

Invasive grass species can alter fire regimes, converting native terrestrial ecosystems into non-native, grass-dominated landscapes, creating a self-reinforcing cycle of increasing fire activity and flammable grass expansion. Analyses of this…
Author(s): Emily J. Fusco, Jennifer Balch, Adam L. Mahood, R. Chelsea Nagy, Alexandra D. Syphard, Bethany A. Bradley
Year Published:

Acting as a top-down control on fire activity, climate strongly affects wildfire in North American ecosystems through fuel moisture and ignitions. Departures from historical fire regimes due to climate change have significant implications for the…
Author(s): Ellen Whitman, Sean A. Parks, Lisa M. Holsinger, Marc-Andre Parisien
Year Published:

Climate and land-use changes are expected to increase the future occurrence of wildfires, with potentially devastating consequences for freshwater species and ecosystems. Wildfires that burn in close proximity to freshwater systems can significantly…
Author(s): Daniel F. Gomez Isaza, Rebecca L. Cramp, Craig E. Franklin
Year Published:

This article applies an interdisciplinary agent-based model (ABM) of wildfire evacuation to the devastating 2018 wildfire in Mati, Greece, where the second-deadliest wildfire of the 21st century took place. This model integrates the natural hazard…
Author(s): M. R. K. Siam, Haizhong Wang, Michael K. Lindell, Chen Chen, Eleni I. Vlahogianni, Kay Axhausen
Year Published:

The paper first reviews the mode of generation of fire whirls, their properties, and operational regimes, under well-controlled experimental conditions. The situation is different with wildfires. These are uncontrolled and less well understood. A…
Author(s): Adriana Palacios, Derek Bradley
Year Published:

Fire suppression and the loss of western white pine (WWP) have made northern Rocky Mountain moist mixed-conifer forests less disturbance resilient. Although managers are installing hundreds of plantations, most of these plantations have not…
Author(s): Theresa B. Jain, Andrew S. Nelson, Benjamin C. Bright, John C. Byrne, Andrew T. Hudak
Year Published:

Federal land managers in the United States are permitted to manage wildfires with strategies other than full suppression under appropriate conditions to achieve natural resource objectives. However, policy and scientific support for “managed…
Author(s): Emily Jane Davis, Heidi Huber-Stearns, Michael D. Caggiano, Darren McAvoy, Anthony S. Cheng, A. Deak, A. Evans
Year Published:

Background: Humans have altered fire regimes across ecosystems due to climate change, land use change, and increasing ignition. Unprecedented shifts in fire regimes affect animals and contribute to habitat displacement, reduced movement, and…
Author(s): Rasoul Khosravi, Hamid Reza Pourghasemi, Roya Adavoudi, Leila Julaie, Ho Yi Wan
Year Published:

Background: Wildfires are important global disturbances influencing ecosystem structure and composition. The moisture content of living and senescent plant components are key determinants of wildfire activity, yet our understanding of how seasonal…
Author(s): Tegan P. Brown, Zachary Hoylman, Elliot T. Conrad, Zachary A. Holden, Kelsey Jencso, William Matt Jolly
Year Published:

During the last 20 years extreme wildfires have challenged firefighting capabilities. Often, the prediction of the extreme behaviour is essential for the safety of citizens and firefighters. Currently, there are several fire danger indices routinely…
Author(s): Tomàs Artés, Marc Castellnou, Tracy Houston Durrant, Jesús San-Miguel
Year Published: